Increase In Investigations Into Inheritance Tax
HMRC Investigations into Inheritance Tax up by 5%
In 2015-16 24% of all taxable estates were investigated by HMRC. With rapidly increasing prices in the property market, the amount of IHT potential is very significant. Figures just released show that HMRC made 5,400 estate investigations last year. This is a year on year increase of 5%. Challenging the value of estates and investigating IHT figures in tax returns is a lucrative method for HMRC of reaping extra tax.
Power of HMRC
Interestingly the House of Lord’s Sub Committee for the Finance Bill 2018 has recently revealed that they want to investigate the amount of power HMRC currently possesses, so statistics such as these are being increasing scrutinised. The Report detailed that the area HMRC is querying in greatest detail is the valuation of residential property that is passed onto heirs. HMRC may argue that much higher value be attributed to land which has the potential for development or to properties that have potential for refurbishment. If an HMRC investigation concludes that IHT has been underpaid, the estate may have to pay all the tax that is owed plus a hefty penalty. This could even be 100% of the tax at stake in the estate. Areas of particular interest to HMRC in relation to IHT include the validity of claims for business or agricultural reliefs, omitted assets and whether submitted figures accurately reflect the current market value.
House prices increase
Currently, when assets of an estate are in excess of £325,000 IHT is payable. As of June 2018, 24,500 estates are now liable, compared with 23,200 June 2017. This chiefly reflects the increase in average house prices in the UK. Property prices have soared particularly in the South East. The average property in London five years ago cost £324,518 whilst elsewhere in the country the average was £172,655. This year however the London average is £476,000 and the rest of the UK £245,076.
HMRC have chosen to leave IHT frozen at £325,000
Unfortunately HMRC have chosen to leave IHT frozen at £325,000. This goes some way to explaining why there has been an increase in investigations.
Of course there is a huge temptation to undervalue residential property to save IHT as it is likely that property is the biggest figure on a tax return. The increased scrutiny and rise in investigations means that HMRC could fine more beneficiaries and estates who may not necessarily be cash rich. These fines are life changing amounts of money in some cases.
The crux of the investigation is that HMRC may deem that there has been a lack of care in carrying out property valuations. Given the power they have to impose fines, taking professional advice around IHT is absolutely critical. By choosing a professional, experienced and impartial expert to guide you through the minefield of IHT you and your loved ones are guaranteed the peace of mind that financial planning brings. Don't put it off, contact us now.